What is OCTINOXATE AND OXYBENZONE
Octinoxate and oxybenzone are common chemical sunscreen ingredients found in cosmetics and skincare products. However, concerns have emerged regarding their potential toxic effects, both on human health and the environment. Octinoxate, also known as Octyl Methoxycinnamate, protects the skin from UVB rays. Studies have indicated that it may possess endocrine-disrupting properties, potentially interfering with hormonal balance, especially with prolonged exposure. Octinoxate has also been detected in the environment, with potential implications for aquatic ecosystems.
Oxybenzone, or Benzophenone-3, is employed to shield the skin from both UVA and UVB rays. Like octinoxate, oxybenzone has raised concerns about endocrine disruption, particularly based on animal studies. Additionally, it has been linked to potential health issues and has been identified as a contributor to coral reef damage, causing coral bleaching and harm to marine ecosystems. In response to these concerns, many consumers are seeking alternative sunscreens that use physical blockers like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which are considered safer for both human health and the environment, providing protection without the potential toxic effects associated with chemical sunscreens.
[Source: Mattos et al, 2020, Downs et al, 2016]